Resources by Subject

The following educational resources may assist teachers of the visually impaired.

Subject areas:



Beginner's Abacus: Instructions for Use

The Beginner's Abacus is ideal for introducing visually impaired students to early math concepts and number operations, as well as to common abacus terminology.

Beginner's Abacus: Instructions for Use (PDF)

Hey Where do I Plug this in? Oh it's an Abacus

It's easy to forget that there is a low tech aid for teaching basic computational skills and arithmetic concepts that doesn't require a screen, synthesized voice output or graphics. It's the abacus!
by Jane Litman

Hey Where do I Plug this in? Oh it's an Abacus (PDF)

The Variables of a Blind Person's Math Experience

We are developing a suite of tools with Vernier Software and Technology Company that can be used in chemistry lab classes across the country. This project will use JAWS scripts to make the screen reader speak in real time the data being collected by these probes. We are also modifying the high school curriculum at the Indiana School for the Blind, where we will be field testing these techniques along with developing other handheld data-acquisition tools for the blind students to obtain their observational data more independently. We hope this project will open doors of opportunity for blind students to pursue science, technology, engineering, and math careers.
by Cary Supalo, Ph.D: Chemistry

The Variables of a Blind Person's Math Experience

Other Math Resources

Algebra I & II Symbols Nemeth Reference Sheet

Calculator Tutorial - Audio Graphing Calculator (PDF)

Evaluator Tutorial - Audio Graphing Calculator (PDF)

Graphing Tutorial - Audio Graphing Calculator (PDF)

Matrix Tutorial - Audio Graphing Calculator (PDF)

Geometry Symbols Nemeth Reference Sheet (PDF)

Math - Teaching Strategies

Physical Education

Adapted PE Kit Resources for Students who are Blind or Visually Impaired

This PE Kit was developed by Joanna Angelidis - Teacher of students who are visually impaired / O & M Specialist and Susanna Marraffa - District Braillist --- Surrey SD # 36

Each link contains:

  • PE Kit Background Information
  • How to Use the Kit
  • General Strategies for Successful Inclusion
  • Individual files for specific PE activities
  • Prescribed Learning Outcomes Physical Education 8
  • PE Kit Resources; and
  • a PowerPoint presentation.

Adapted PE Kit (PDF)

Adapted PE Kit Regular Print Files (Zip)

Adapted PE Kit Braille Duxbury Files (Zip)


Blind Students Can Succeed in Chemistry Classes

This article is based on a speech Mr. Supalo gave to the 2002 Washington, D.C., Student Seminar sponsored by the National Association of Blind Students. Cary Supalo, a former NFB Scholarship winner, is a Ph.D. candidate in chemistry at Penn State University. He is, so he tells me, “working on a heterogeneous catalysis synthesis project in an attempt to optimize energy outputs with hydrogen fuel cell technologies.” Right. But don’t skip to the next article yet! You really don’t have to understand anything about chemistry to understand the techniques and strategies Cary outlines below. Here are some tips for budding chemists, and for students who just want to get through their chemistry class.

Blind Students Can Succeed in Chemistry Classes

Building A Basic Circuit

Article and activity adapted from Concepts and Challenges : Physical Science - Interactions with Energy and Matter. Some adaptations and modifications that may assist a student with visual and/or other impairments to build a circuit.

Building A Basic Circuit (PDF)

Other Science Resources

My Hopes, My Dreams, and My Science Classes

Reaching Out for New Opportunities: The 2004 NFB Summer Science Experience

Science, Blindness and Evolution: The Common Theme is Opportunity

Science Museum's Hands-on Exhibits Let Visitors See Dinos, Reach for the Stars

Making a Difference: 2006 NFB Science Academy Best Yet!

Blind Kids do Science Too

Microscopes and the Visually Impaired (PDF)

Teacher's Manual for Adapting Science Experiments for Blind and Visually Impaired Students (PDF)